Who were the Nephilim of Genesis 6:4?

The identity of the נְּפִלִים (něpîlîm) is a matter of considerable speculation. It has often been suggested that their name might have been derived from the fact that they were the sons of the semi-divine beings referred earlier as the בְנֵי־הָאֱלֹהִים (běnê hāělōhîm). Another conjecture suggests the Nephilim were the children of “the fallen ones” who “fell” נָפַל   (näpäl = “fall”) from heaven, hence they were “fallen angels.”

With respect to the first two theories, if this forbidden co-mingling ...

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